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Nutrition and Lifestyle

Whey Protein 101: What exactly IS Whey protein?

Whey is one of two types of proteins found in milk (the other being casein) and it is a by-product of the transformation process of cow’s milk into cheese. As we all know, protein is the building block of life but not all proteins are created equal! Whey is considered by many to be the ultimate source of protein due to its exceptional branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) profile and high biological value.  When your body converts protein, it breaks it down into amino acids. These amino acids help to repair torn muscle tissue and build new ones. The higher

Seasonal Allergies and Your Gut: What’s The Connection?

Over the last few years, the science has emerged to prove that there is actually a close relationship between the respiratory, immune and gastrointestinal systems. We now know that a disruption to your biome (those trillions of microorganisms that live in your intestinal tract) can trigger an oversensitivity to allergens in your immune system, which could ultimately make your allergies flare up even more as a result. So, how do we support our gut? One acceptable method is to eat lots of healthy foods that are rich in fibre, as well as fermented products, such as kombucha. Of course, in

Is the intake of grapefruit juice linked to increased breast cancer risk?

The human body relies heavily on enzymes to perform all sorts of functions such as: the breakdown of various foods so that the nutrients can be absorbed, accelerating various chemical reactions which otherwise would be too slow for the requirements of the body, and generating energy quickly and efficiently among others. Then there is a whole series of enzymes whose job is to detoxify chemicals, either foreign (toxins) or ones produced by the body itself including hormones like estrogen. One such large group of enzymes is called the cytochrome P450 (CYP) family which breaks down different chemicals and thus reduces

Medicinal Mushrooms: Moving to the Mainstream

Edible and medicinal mushrooms have been used in Asian cultures for thousands of years as a tonic for both prevention and acute treatment of diseases, but recently they have gained interest in the West, as mainstream medicine discovers the multiple and incremental immune pathways that these fungi effect. Their potential use in cases of chronic immune dysfunction is making these mushrooms the latest research trend in immune support and prevention. As both a food source and medicinal substance, mushrooms can be a rich source of amino acids, fiber, vitamins and minerals, carbohydrates and other functional compounds. Numerous studies have reported

Choosing the Right Calcium Supplement

According to a 2009 Statistics Canada study, 3% of men and 19% of women aged 50 or older reported having been diagnosed with osteoporosis.1 We now know that several factors are important for bone health such as a healthy diet and lifestyle which includes the avoidance of smoking and excess caffeine, sodium and alcohol. Proper intake of several bone building nutrients, one of which is calcium, is also important. But don’t forget, in order for calcium to be efficiently used by the body, many nutrient cofactors are necessary such as vitamin D, vitamin K, magnesium, boron and others. Ensuring that

Optimizing Physical Performance: The Science of Nutrient Supplementation

There are many different supplements marketed as performance enhancers in the world of sports nutrition. With athletes trying to find an edge, and opportunistic companies selling the latest fad ingredients, it is very difficult to discern what natural substances are supported by sound scientific evidence and which ones are the flavor of the month. The reality is that many of these “natural” products have little or no evidence supporting their effectiveness or safety. At worst, they may be adulterated with dangerous and banned substances. Despite the pit falls in the world of sports nutrition, good evidence is emerging to show

Vitamin B Deficiencies: Signs & Causes

Are you vulnerable? How to Avoid deficiencies? A vitamin is characterized by the fact that, in its absence, key physiologic processes are blocked that can result in serious health consequences. This is made especially clear when we look at the role of B vitamins. B vitamins act as co-enzymes in thousands of molecular processes in the body, and we have learned more about their unique functions by examining what happens when they aren’t present than when they are. The concept of “characterizing by deficiency” has led to incredible discoveries, while highlighting the importance of prevention. So, while you may not

Making Sense of B Vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water (as opposed to fat) soluble vitamins which play an essential role in many cellular processes. They are often called “the energy vitamins,” but they function more like keys that unlock the body’s energy. When present in supplements individually, B vitamins are referred to by their name, for example, vitamin B1, or Thiamin. When all together they are known as “Vitamin B complex.” The B vitamins contribute in numerous ways to overall health and vitality. The compounds in a B-complex are needed for everything from the healthy maintenance of brain cells to the metabolism