Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a fat-soluble, vitamin-like nutrient that helps produce energy in all cells of the body. It does so by supporting the mitochondria, the tiny power plants in each of the body’s cells. CoQ10 is one of the most important and modifiable factors in ATP (cellular energy) production in the mitochondria. Mitochondrial dysfunction and CoQ10 deficiencies have been implicated in many conditions such as fatigue, fibromyalgia, cardiovascular problems, neurodegenerative diseases and more.
CoQ10 is also noted for its powerful antioxidant activity, and even “recharges” other antioxidants by keeping them in their reduced, active states. Doctors have been recommending CoQ10 to patients on standard heart medications for the last four decades, as statin medications are known to reduce CoQ10 levels in the body.
CoQ10 alternates between its three chemical forms: completely oxidized (oxCoQ10 or ubiquinone), a semi-oxidized intermediate free radical (semiquinone) and a completely reduced form (CoQ10H2 or ubiquinol). Most CoQ10 in circulation and tissues exists in its reduced form (ubiquinol) which acts as an antioxidant through its oxidation to an oxidized form (ubiquinone). Ubiquinone is reversely reduced to ubiquinol.
- Country of origin: China
- Form as ubdecaranone
- Stored form: Yellow to orange crystalline powder